Fort Lytton Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery

Heavy AA Site

A Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery was sited at Fort Lytton during WW2. It consisted of four QF 3.7-inch heavy anti-aircraft guns. Each gun was in its own protective emplacement (gun pit) consisting of a polygonal concrete block wall with protective earth piled around the outside. The resulting structure looked like a grassy mound. The four gun pits were sited around a central command post which formed a fifth mound. The command post contained instruments for estimating data such as aircraft speed, height and direction, and an electro-mechanical predictor (computer) which calculated bearing, elevation and fuse-time for the guns.

The battery still exists in relatively good condition about 300m from the Fort Lytton Visitor Centre and inside the perimeter of the Caltex refinery. The above photo was taken in November 2015 and shows the four gun pits.


google-satellite-view-lytton-heavy-aa-battery-retrieved-22-oct-2016This Google satellite image was retrieved in October 2016 and shows all four gun pits. The command centre is at the left (western edge) of the site and is largely obscured by a tree.


The following 9 photographs are from the Australian War Memorial. They were taken at Fort Lytton on 11 November 1943 by Ronald Noel Keam. The gunners are from 385th Troop, 6th Australian Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery.


Heavy AA Battery Several Gun Pits 060054
AWM 060054
GUNPITS WITH GUNS VISIBLE.


Heavy AA Battery outside gun pit AWM 060060
AWM 060060
GUN CREW RUN TO THEIR GUN PIT IN RESPONSE TO AN ACTION ALARM DRILL


3.7_inch_AA_gunners_Lytton_Qld_Nov_1943_AWM_060055
AWM 060055
SHOWN: NX106058 BRIGADIER K. F. BULLIVANT AND NX74147, BRIGADIER J. K. SPRINGALL.


3.7_inch_AA_gun_crew_Lytton_Qld_Nov_1943_AWM_060061
AWM 060061
B191553 GUNNER J. T. GILLON (1); NX106058 BRIGADIER K. T. BULLIVANT (2) AND NX74147 BRIGADIER J. F. SPRINGALL (3).

3.7_inch_AA_gunner_Lytton_Qld_Nov_1943_AWM_060056
AWM 060056
LEFT TO RIGHT: NX81502 GUNNER W. E. HENNESSEY (1); Q266179 GUNNER V. M. POLLEY (2); NX106058 BOMBARDIER K. F. BULLIVANT (3).


Crew_with_3.7_inch_AA_gun_rangefinder_Lytton_Qld_Nov_1943_AWM_060059AWM 060059
OPERATING A NO. 3 MARK IV TYPE UB7, RANGEFINDER IN THE COMMAND POST. NX106058 BOMBARDIER K.F.BULLIVANT(1); N286152 GUNNER G.STRACHAN(2); N109900 BOMBARDIER M.F.GOODRIDGE(3); QX45416 LIEUTENANT M.J.TAYLOR(4).


Heavy AA Battery with PREDICTOR AWM 060057 AWM 060057
OPERATING A PREDICTOR IN THE COMMAND POST. LEFT TO RIGHT: QX52700 GUNNER D.G.INGRAM(1); Q122911 GUNNER E.I.RAILTON(2); QX47321 LANCE BOMBARDIER A.C. JONES(3); Q144265 GUNNER T.J.FALLON(4); NX84178 BOMBARDIER C.F.CUNNINGHAM(5); QX52689 GUNNER J.H.DRIVER(6).


Heavy AA AWM 060058
AWM 060058
Q153008 GUNNER D. H. NORMAN, AN AIRCRAFT SPOTTER FOR THE 385TH TROOP, 6TH AUSTRALIAN HEAVY ANTI-AIRCRAFT BATTERY, LIES BACK IN A CHAIR SCANNING THE SKIES.


Heavy_battery_crew_with_searchlight_Lytton_Qld_Nov_943_AWM_060036
AWM 060036
LEFT TO RIGHT:
SERGEANT J.S.TENNANT(1)
GUNNER L.P.GREEN(2)
GUNNER W.P.GREEN(3)
BOMBARDIER C.POLLIMORE(4)


A model of the battery is on display in the Visitor Centre.

THIS LINK shows the Fort Lytton battery as seen on Google. The command post can be seen at the left of the site, partially obscured by a tree.

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